IEC TR 62778-2014 pdf free download

07-23-2021 comment

IEC TR 62778-2014 pdf free download.Application of IEC 62471 for the assessment of blue light hazard to light sources and luminaires.
IEC 62471 is a comprehensive horizontal standard, describing all potential health hazards associated with artificial optical radiation, from the ultraviolet, visible, and infrared portions of the spectrum. This Technical Report deals exclusively with the hazard described in 4.3.3 and 4.3.4 of IEC 62471 :2006. This hazard is called the retinal blue light hazard, as it is an effect mainly induced by the blue portion of the visible spectrum, which has its potentially damaging effects on the retina. The effects are described in Clause A.3 of the same standard.
Because the effect takes place on the retina, it is a function not only of the total amount of light that reaches the eye, but also of the size of the light source that produced this light. Larger light sources are imaged onto a larger portion of the retina, and therefore produce a lower irradiance on the retina than smaller light sources producing the same amount of light in the direction of the viewer’s eye. Subclause 4.3.3 of IEC 62471 :2006 takes this into account by relating the maximum permissible exposure time, tmax. to the radiance of the light source. Radiance (unit: W/(m2sr) ) is a quantity describing the radiometric intensity, which is the radiation power emitted into a certain direction, divided by the apparent area of the light source when viewed from that same direction. In an imaging system, such as the eye, the local irradiance on the image plane (which for the eye is on the retina) is proportional to the radiance of the source.
Only when the light source is too small to be imaged sharply, or when it is so small that it will never be fixated on the same portion of the retina for so long that it can produce any damage, the radiance value is not the appropriate value. In this case, 4.3.4 of IEC 62471 :2006 shall be applied, where the irradiance on the pupil is used as a value proportional to the effective irradiance on the retina.
The question whether a light source is large”, such that 4.3.3 shall be applied, or small”, such that 4.3.4 shall be applied, depends on the size of the light source as well as on the viewing distance. The subtended angle of the light source is used as discriminating quantity. When the time needed to produce damage is longer than 10 s, IEC 62471 states that the limiting subtended angle for a light source to be large or small is 0.011 rad. For light sources just on the edge between large and small, tmax can be calculated either way (using its radiance according to 4.3.3 and using the irradiance according to 4.3.4), which will produce the same result within about 5 %. The deviation of 5 % is caused by rounding of the conversion factors used to convert the radiometric quantity tO max
In the context of IEC 62471, light source means any product used to produce light. In real life, there is a hierarchy of lighting products, where light source is generally used to describe the constituent component of the lighting product that actually produces the light. Since some of the other components of the lighting product. most notably the luminaire optics, may change the radiation characteristics of the primary light source, it is important to know whether and how a photobiological assessment of the primary light source can be transferred to the product using this primary light source as light generating component.IEC TR 62778 pdf free download.

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IEC/TR 62809-2013 pdf free Free IEC Standards

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